Semaglutide is a medication primarily used to treat type 2 diabetes and obesity. The world of weight management is ever-evolving, with advancements in research, treatments, and approaches emerging at a rapid pace. Among the noteworthy developments in recent years is semaglutide, a groundbreaking treatment option that has generated much discussion within the weight loss and medical communities.
While its potential benefits are considerable, the influx of new terminologies associated with semaglutide can be overwhelming for both professionals and individuals seeking to understand this innovative treatment. To bridge this knowledge gap, we present this Semaglutide Terminology Glossary, curated to demystify the complex jargon related to semaglutide and weight loss.
Whether you’re a clinician aiming to better serve your patients, a researcher diving into the depths of semaglutide’s mechanisms, or simply an individual curious about this weight loss solution, this Semaglutide Terminology Glossary aims to be your definitive reference. Navigate with ease through the intricacies of semaglutide and empower yourself with knowledge as you embark on this enlightening journey – though it’s important to note that some terms extend beyond semaglutide and are relevant to the broader field of diabetes and endocrinology:
Semaglutide Terminology Glossary
Adherence: Consistency and accuracy in following the regimen prescribed by a doctor.
- Adverse Event: Any unwanted medical occurrence in a patient taking a drug, whether it is or is not caused by the drug.
- Amylin: A hormone that regulates the rate of glucose entry into the bloodstream.
- Beta Cells: Cells in the pancreas that produce and secrete insulin.
- Bioavailability: The proportion of a drug that enters the circulation when introduced into the body and so is able to have an active effect.
- Body Mass Index (BMI): A measure of body fat based on height and weight.
- Cardiovascular Risk: The potential for heart disease or stroke.
- Combination Therapy: Treatment with multiple drugs.
- Dose-Response Relationship: The relationship between the amount of drug and the body’s response.
- Dulaglutide: Yet another GLP-1 receptor agonist for type 2 diabetes treatment.
- Endocrinology: The study of hormones and the endocrine system.
- Exenatide: Another GLP-1 receptor agonist used in the treatment of type 2 diabetes.
- Fasting Plasma Glucose (FPG): A test that measures blood sugar after an overnight fast.
- GI Side Effects: Gastrointestinal side effects, which can include nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, etc.
- GLP-1: Glucagon-like peptide-1, an incretin hormone that increases insulin secretion.
- Gastric Emptying: The process by which food moves from the stomach to the small intestine.
- Glucagon: A hormone that raises blood glucose levels.
- HbA1c: Glycated hemoglobin, a measure of average blood sugar over the past 2-3 months.
- Hypoglycemia: Low blood sugar.
- Incretin: Hormones that stimulate insulin secretion after meals.
- Insulin Resistance: When cells in the body don’t respond well to insulin and can’t use glucose from the blood for energy.
- Insulin: A hormone that regulates blood glucose levels.
- LDL Cholesterol: Low-density lipoprotein, often referred to as “bad” cholesterol.
- Lipid Profile: A blood test that measures various forms of cholesterol and fats in the blood.
- Macrovascular Complications: Large blood vessel damage from chronic high blood glucose.
- Metabolism: The set of life-sustaining chemical reactions in organisms.
- Microvascular Complications: Small blood vessel damage from chronic high blood glucose.
- Monotherapy: Treatment with a single drug.
- Nephropathy: Kidney disease, often a complication of diabetes.
- Neuropathy: Nerve damage, often a complication of diabetes.
- Obesity: A medical condition where excess body fat accumulates to the extent that it may have adverse effects on health.
- Oral Glucose Tolerance Test (OGTT): A test to check how the body processes sugar.
- Oral antidiabetic drugs (OADs): Medications taken by mouth to control high blood sugar in type 2 diabetes.
- Ozempic: Brand name for injectable semaglutide.
- Pancreas: An organ that releases insulin and other digestive enzymes.
- Peptide: A short chain of amino acids.
- Pharmacodynamics: The study of the physiological effects of drugs.
- Pharmacokinetics: The study of how drugs move through the body during absorption, distribution, metabolism, and excretion.
- Placebo: An inactive substance or treatment used as a control in experiments or clinical trials.
- Postprandial Blood Glucose: Blood sugar measurement taken after eating.
- Postprandial: After a meal.
- Receptor Agonist: A substance that activates a receptor to produce a biological response.
- Retinopathy: A disease of the retina, which can result from long-term diabetes.
- Rybelsus: Brand name for oral semaglutide.
- Satiety: The feeling of fullness and the suppression of hunger.
- Semaglutide: A glucagon-like peptide-1 (GLP-1) receptor agonist used for the treatment of type 2 diabetes and obesity.
- Subcutaneous Injection: A shot given into the fatty tissue just under the skin.
- Therapeutic Index: The ratio of the toxic dose to the therapeutic dose of a drug.
- Type 2 Diabetes: A chronic condition affecting glucose metabolism, resulting in high blood sugar.
- Weight Management: Techniques and practices to maintain or achieve a healthy weight.
- Wegovy: Brand name for injectable semaglutide.
We hope that this Semaglutide Terminology Glossary was helpful in furthering your understanding of semaglutide. Note: Always consult a medical professional for comprehensive information on semaglutide or any other medications and related topics.